The fact that the comprehensive security cooperation model applicable in Finland covers all levels and actors of society is its strength. Together with central government, the authorities, business operators, regions and municipalities, universities, research institutions, organisations, other bodies and individuals form a network of comprehensive security in which the sharing of information, setting of joint objectives and commitments to cooperation can take place in a flexible manner. In this model, all actors taking part in coordinated security work or security activities closely supporting it are security actors. Individual citizens also play an important role in independent preparedness and in enhancing the resilience of Finnish society.
Public administration, the authorities, universities and research institutions play a central role in the drafting of preparedness legislation, steering and development as well as in the implementation of the preparedness measures. Business operators are playing an increasingly important role in the preparedness process. As business operators are becoming more central players in society, it is becoming increasingly important to ensure that companies are able to continue their operations in times of crisis. In Finland, the preparedness of business operators is coordinated by the National Emergency Supply Agency, which is supervised by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment.
Organisations play a central role in preparedness for accidents and disruptions. Organisations provide services, coordinate the participation of volunteers in the activities supporting the authorities and maintain special expertise in such areas as contingency operations, for example. Organisations also channel, direct and coordinate the help offered by non-members in a broad range of different tasks.
In addition to organisations, active citizens make a significant contribution to the resilience of society. Individuals are becoming increasingly important security actors through their own choices and work, and as members of their families and local communities. The knowledge and skills possessed by individuals as well as their security-oriented attitude form the basis for a resilient society.
The coordination of voluntary activities means the encouragement of cooperation between the authorities, administrative branches and organisations. In practice, it means joint agreements, training and exercises, contingency and preparedness planning, and the consideration of organisations’ role in the preparedness process. The flexible nature of the organisational activities and the fact that they can also be extended to cover tasks falling outside the responsibility of the authorities are used in the preparedness process.
In preparedness at municipal level, consideration is given to outsourced services and cooperation with business operators and organisations. Organisations, contractual bodies and the voluntary sector play an important role as providers of security functions and services, supporting society-wide preparedness in a broad-based manner. Administrative branches and the authorities consider the resources and preparedness of the organisations at national, regional and local level. In Finland, the preparedness of business operators is coordinated by the National Emergency Supply Agency, which is supervised by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment.
For further information on cooperation in comprehensive security, go to: Cooperation.